The truth shows God was 'within' Jesus and Jesus did suffer. This extraordinary act of being crucified not only shows God understands our suffering, but lived through the worst of all torture to do so.
Recently a team of four university professors published an article in "Injury" magazine revealing that even if Jesus came down from the cross, He would find the task of waving his arms impossible. With the completion of this new study we now have additional details about how the man that was wrapped in the Turin Shroud suffered ad infinitum until death.
Additional study of the image on the Shroud of Turin has presented new insight and a team of experts* who did the research published the following results:
The image on the Turin Shroud shows a dislocation of the humerus on the right side, violent trauma to the neck and chest. Also traces of a double wrist-nailing is visible, along with a flattened hand. None of these conditions were described prior to this study, but have now been published in Injury, the prestigious International Journal of the Care of the Injured.
The Man of the Shroud shows the possible collapse under the weight of a patibulum, the horizontal part of the cross, thus causing the dislocation of the shoulder and paralysis of the right arm. Academics explain the fall forward caused a violent blow to the neck and shoulder. Displacement of the head to the side and depression of the shoulder. Medically, the nerves of the upper brachial plexus (branches C5 and C6) are stretched and caused an Erb-Duchenne paralysis. Loss of motor skills to the deltoid, supraspinatus, biceps, and rhomboid muscles would make it impossible for the cross bearer to go on holding the patibulum! Correlation of this and the Gospel describing how soldiers forced Simon of Cyrene to carry Jesus' cross is hard to ignore. Some movies showed this scene as an act of compassion, but the image on the Shroud tells us it was a necessity.
This explains why the right shoulder is lower than the left by a few degrees and the right eye is retracted in the orbit due to paralysis of the entire arm, as stated by academics.
Additionally, a new observation of the image on the Shroud shows a double nailing of the hands. Thus explaining why the thumbs are not visible. Not only is there a lesion of the median nerve that will cause a slight flexing of the thumb, but also the nail was located to do injury to the flexor pollicis longus tendon causing the complete retraction of the thumbs. Medically this is understandable, but what reason would cause a double nailing?
The most logical explanation is the executioners were unable to nail his hands into the previously punched holes of the cross. These holes were made to prevent the nails from bending when hammered into hard wood. So since the second wrist didn't meet the pre-prepared hole, the executioners un-nailed both wrists and drove the nails in again between the carpal bones on the ulnar side of the hand. So Mel Gibson had it half right in his movie, Passion of the Christ. The second hand didn't reach the previously made hole, but the executioners didn't dislocated the shoulder by using a rope to pull the arm. Jesus' fall with the patibulum caused that injury.
One more new analysis of the right foot's sole imprint shows two nails were driven in. One at heel level that previous academics did not see clearly and one between the second and third metatarsal.
All this new data clearly shows the Man of the Shroud suffered ad infinitum until death. The widespread pain, intense heat sensations, restricted breathing, and shock from the slightest movement of a limb, had to be intolerable. Yet, the authors of this research stated a "theory" that none of this was the cause of death. The flagellation and fall caused not only a pulmonary contusion, but also a cardiac contusion. All this together, probably led to a heart attack.
The authors concluded that all this new data provides additional evidence toward the Man of the Shroud is Jesus the Nazarene.
Author of UPPER ROOM, THE WAY: 33AD to 57AD
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